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            茶的定义

                 Definition of tea

                  ?? ??

            茶泛指可用于泡茶的常绿灌木茶树的叶子,以及用这些叶子泡制的饮料,后来引申为所有用植物花、叶、种子、根泡制的草本茶,如“菊花茶”等;用各种药材泡制的“凉茶”等,在中国文学中亦称雷芽。

            Tea: Generally refers to the leaves of evergreen shrub tea trees which can be used to make tea, and the beverages made from these leaves. Later, it was extended to herbal tea made from flowers, leaves, seeds and roots of all plants, such as chrysanthemum tea, and herbal tea made from various medicinal materials, also known as thunder bud in Chinese literature.

            ?? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ?? ? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????.???"?? ?”? ?? ??? ?,?,?? ? ??? ?? ?? ???? ?????.??? ??? ????? ?? "??"? ?? ???? ???( Lei Bu)?? ??? ????.

            茶的起源

                 The origin of tea

                 ?? ?? 

            中国自古有神农发现茶叶的传说,成书于前公元2世纪《神农本草经》记载:“神农尝百草,日遇七十二毒,得茶而解之”。相传神农尝百草后感到不适,躺于树下。见到一种开白花的植物,便摘下嫩叶咀嚼而治好。到殷周时,茶不仅用作药物,而且开始成为饮料,因此后人便开始喝茶的习惯。成书于公元前8世纪的《诗经》中亦有“谁谓茶苦,其甘如荠”。 据陆羽《茶经》有“茶之为饮,发乎神农氏,闻于鲁周公。”的记载。此外在浙江余姚田螺山遗址还出土了公元前4000年的古茶树。中国俗语中的开门七件事“柴米油盐酱醋茶”亦都表明茶在中国文化中的重要性。在古中国和平盛世的时候,茶也开始成为了文人雅士们的其中一个消遣,和“琴棋书画诗酒”并列。

            There is a legend about Shennong's discovery of tea in ancient China. It was written in Shennong Herbal Classic in the 2nd century A.D.: "Shennong tastes hundreds of herbs and gets rid of 72 poisons every day." According to legend, Shennong felt uncomfortable after tasting herbs and lay under a tree. Seeing a kind of plant with white flowers, he plucked the tender leaves and chewed them to cure them. By the Yin and Zhou Dynasties, tea was not only used as medicine, but also began to become a drink, so later generations began to drink tea. The Book of Songs, written in the 8th century B.C., also contains "Who calls tea bitter, its sweet as buckwheat". According to Lu Yu's Tea Classic, "Tea is for drinking, originated from Shennong and smelled from the Duke of Lu and Zhou." Records. In addition, ancient tea trees dating from 4000 B.C. were unearthed at the Tianluoshan site in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province. The seven opening events in Chinese proverbs, "Chai-mi oil, salt, soy sauce, vinegar and tea" also indicate the importance of tea in Chinese culture. At the time of peace and prosperity in ancient China, tea began to become one of the recreations of literati and refined scholars, and was juxtaposed with "qin, qi, calligraphy, painting, poetry and wine".

             ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? 2??? ???????? "??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????."?? ?????. ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??. ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??. ???? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???. ??? ??? 8?? ?????? "?? ??? ?? ??. ??? ????? ??? "?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??."?? ??? ??.??? ?? ?????????? ??? 400? ????? ?????. ????? ??? 7?? ? ??? "??,?,??,??,??,???"? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????. ?? ??? ???? ??? ???? ? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ‘??????’? ??? ??.

            茶的种类

                 Types of tea

                 ?? ?? 

            能制作茶的只有茶树春季发出的嫩芽,中国的茶品质最好的在每年4月上旬的清明以前采摘,称为“明前茶”,只是刚抽出尚未打开的嫩芽尖,叫做“莲心”,因为很轻,所以产量低,价格也昂贵;在清明以后至4月下旬谷雨以前采摘的茶,为“雨前茶”,已经打开一片嫩叶和抽出的另一个新芽,叫“旗枪”,形状类似一支枪和一面旗;谷雨以后至5月上旬立夏以前采摘的茶叫“三春茶”,由于有两面小叶和中间一个嫩芽,所以叫“雀舌”;立夏以后一个月内采摘的茶质量较差,是“四春茶”也叫“梗片”,一般用于制作较低级的加工茶。再以后茶叶老化,不能用于制作饮用茶。

             Only the tender buds emitted by tea trees in spring can make tea. The best quality of Chinese tea is picked before the Qingming Dynasty in early April, which is called "pre_Ming Tea", but the tender bud tips which have not yet been opened are just extracted, called "lotus heart", because they are very light, so the output is low and the price is expensive; after the Qingming Dynasty to the end of April, the quality of Chinese tea is the best. The tea picked before Xun Guyu is "pre_rain tea". It has opened a tender leaf and pulled out another new bud, called "flag gun", which resembles a gun and a flag. The tea picked after Guyu is called "Sanchun tea" before the early summer of May, because there are two small leaves and a tender bud in the middle, so it is called "sparrow tongue". The quality of the tea picked within one month after the beginning of summer is poor. It is also called "Sichun Tea", which is generally used to make lowergrade processed tea. After that, tea can not be used to make drinking tea.

            ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ?????. ??? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?? 4? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??. "???"??? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??" ??"??? ??. ?????? 4? ???? ????? ?? ?. "???"? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??" ??"??? ??? ? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ??. ?????? 5? ???? ???? ?? ?? "???"?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ???" ???"?? ???.??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? "???"??? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???. ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???.




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